Resources for Reading Plutarch

Whether you’re reading a few lives for historical interest, many lives for your own education, or all the lives as a completist, Plutarch is daunting because he’s so old. You shouldn’t read Plutarch alone and, thanks to the Internet, you’ll at least have me to help you!

Find a Plutarch Translation That Fits

The first place to start is to pick a translation that works for you. There are a lot of free ones, but you may have the best luck paying a bit to read in a more comfortable idiom. Once you’ve selected a translation, you can start however you like, chronologically (as arranged in the Timeline below) or just by diving into your favorite period of Greek or Roman history.

Check out the Podcast

Apple PodcastsSpotifyPocketCastsStitcherOvercastGoogle Podcasts

If you have a particular life in mind, start with the Podcast to see if I’ve already done an episode on that life (I’m 11 lives in, so I’m 20% of the way there). In each podcast, I try to give a general picture with enough contextual footholds that when you read (or re-read) a life, you remember more and make deeper connections with the person Plutarch is describing. If you’re confused about the historical context of a particular life, it’s best to check out the Timeline (below), or check out the show notes for the Important People or Important Places sections.

Season by Season: Reflecting on the Lives

I’ll break down the seasons and individual episodes below with some pertinent information (Greek life in green, Roman life in red), linked to the show notes and recording for each episode.

Season 1: Why Plutarch and IntroductionDates (all BC) 
Why Plutarch?  
Solon – Introduction to the Lawgivers638-558 
Aristides – Introduction to Golden Age Athens530-468 
Demosthenes – Introduction to the Rise of Macedon384-322 
Cato the Elder – Introduction to the Rise of Rome234-149 
Cicero – Introduction to the Roman Revolution(s)106-43 
Season 2: Heroes, Lawgivers, and Kings  
Theseuslegendary 
Lycurgus9th cent. 
[Solon]638-558 
Romulus771-717 
Numa Pompilius715-673 
Publicola or Publiusdied 503 
Lessons from the Lawgivers  
Season 3: Golden Age – 5th-century Athens  
Themistocles524-459 
[Aristides]530-468 
Cimon510-450 
Pericles495-429 
Nicias470-413 
Alcibiades450-404 
Lysanderdied 395 
Agesilaus444-360 
Season 4: Macedon and Hellenism  
Timoleon411-337 
Dion408-354 
Pelopidasdied 364 
Alexander356-323 
[Demosthenes]384-322 
Eumenes362-316 
Demetriusdied 283 
Phocion402-318 
Season 5: The Rise of Rome  
Coriolanusfl. 475 
Camillus446-365 
Fabius Maximus275-203 
Marcellus268-208 
Titus Flamininus229-174 
Aemilius Paulus229-160 
Agis3rd cent. 
Cleomenesdied 219 
Philopoemon253-183 
Tiberius Gracchus164-133 
Gaius Gracchus154-121 
Season 6: Roman Revolutions  
Marius157-86 
Sulla138-78 
Sertorious123-72 
Lucullus118-56 
Pompey106-48 
Julius Caesar100-44 
[Cicero]106-43 
Cato the Younger95-46 
Brutus85-42 
Antony83-30 

Maps and Timelines for Plutarch’s Context

Speaking of important places, I’ll link helpful maps into the show-notes, but I also have a bigger post helping people find the physical and digital maps that run parallel to Plutarch’s biographies. If you like the timeline, sign up for my email list and you’ll get a printable bookmark form of the timeline putting the chronology for the Greeks and Romans in one place (preferably the book!).

Plutarch in Art

And finally, you may want to get a sense for what these men looked like, or at least enjoy their artistic representations through the years. For that, I highly recommend a resource I did not create, Plutarch’s Lives in Paint, where you can see Plutarch’s influence on more than just literary art through the past two millennia. The timeline also includes some of the most famous artistic depictions of these famous men of Greece and Rome.

Ask Questions: Never Stop Learning

I hope these resources help you start, continue, or finish fruitfully reading Plutarch’s Parallel Lives. Plutarch always encouraged us to be students, feeding the fires of our souls with the good, the true, and the beautiful. As always, feel free to use the Contact page to send me any questions you may have about the Ancient World in general, or Plutarch in particular. Plutarch is the real teacher here, and I’m just learning along with you.

A Timeline of Plutarch’s Lives